Son of Five Rivers Blog

For the advancement of Entrepreneurship, Sustainability & the Ecology of Everyday Life

The Story of Stuff

The Story of Stuff

 

Watch the FILM: www.StoryofStuff.com

The Story of Stuff is a 20 min fast-paced, fact-filled look at the underside of our production and consumption patterns, with a special focus on the United States. All the stuff in our lives, beginning from the extraction of the resources to make it, through its production, sale, use and disposal, affects communities at home and abroad, yet most of this is hidden from view. The Story of Stuffexposes the connections between a huge number of environmental and social issues and calls for all of us to create a more sustainable and just world. It’ll teach you something. It’ll make you laugh, and it just may change the way you look at all the stuff in your life forever.

The 20 minutes that may change the way you think and buy.

Recommended Reading

General State of the Planet/Multi-Issue

GEO (Global Environment Outlook) Yearbook 2007
by the United Nations Environment Programme (2007, produced annually)

Vital Signs 2007 – 2008 and State of the World
by Worldwatch Institute (2007, produced annually)

Our Ecological Footprint: Reducing Human Impact on the Earth
by Mathis Wackernagel and William Rees (1996)

Worldwatch Institute
has numerous publications and great concise “WorldWatch Papers” on most of the issues covered in The Story of Stuff. Please check their website, Worldwatch.org.

Environmental Research Foundation
produces free weekly e-newsletters on most of the issues covered in The Story of Stuff. Search back issues at:http://www.rachel.org/bulletin/index.cfm?St=2 and search ERF’s library at:http://www.rachel.org/library/index.cfm?St=1.

 

In order of topic discussed in the film

Governance, Corporate Accountability

On the Rampage: Corporate Power and the Destruction of Democracy
by Robert Mokhiber, Robert Weissman (2004)

The End of Politics: Corporate Power and the Decline of the Public Sphere
by Carl Boggs (2001)

When Corporations Rule the World
by David Korten (1995)

Culture, Inc.: The Corporate Takeover of Public Expressionby Herbert Schiller (1991)


Extraction

General Resources

It’s All for Sale: The Control of Global Resources
by James Ridgeway (2004)

Forests/Biodiversity

Encyclopedia of Rainforests
by Diane Jukofsky,(2001)

Biodiversity: Social and Ecological Perspectives
by Vandana Shiva, Patrick Anderson, Heffa Schucking, Andrew Gray, Larry Lohman, David Cooper (1992)

In the Rainforest: Report from a Strange, Beautiful, Imperiled World
by Catherine Caufield (1991)

Mining

Lost Mountain: A Year in the Vanishing Wilderness Radical Strip Mining and the Devastation of Appalachia
by Erik Reece (2007)

Blood Diamonds
by Greg Campbell (2004)

Dirty Metals: Mining, Communities and the Environment
by Earthworks and Oxfam, No Forty Gold Campaign (2004)

To Save the Land and People: A History of Opposition to Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia
by Chad Montrie (2002)

Water

Blue Covenant: The Global Water Crisis and the Coming Battle for the Right to Water
by Maude Barlow (2008)

Blue Gold: The Fight to Stop the Corporate Theft of the World’s Water
by Maude Barlow and Tony Clarke (2003)

Silenced Rivers: The Ecology and Politics of Large Dams
by Patrick McCully (2001)

Water Wars: Privatization, Pollution and Profit
by Vandana Shiva (2001)

Indigenous People

Paradigm Wars: Indigenous Peoples’ Resistance to Globalization
by Jerry Mander, Victoria Tauli-Corpuz (2006)

Struggle for the Land: Native North American Resistance to Genocide, Ecocide, and Colonization
by Ward Churchill (2002)

All Our Relations: Native Struggles for Land and Life
by Winona LaDuke (1999)

Impacts on the Global South/International Impacts

Flat World, Big Gaps: Economic Liberalization, Globalization, Poverty & Inequality
Ed. by Jomo K.S. with Jacques Baudot (2007)

Resource Wars: The New Landscape of Global Conflict
by Michael Klare (2002)

Big Business, Poor Peoples: The Impact of Transnational Corporations on the World’s Poor
by John Madeley (1999)

Divided Planet: The Ecology of Rich and Poor
by Tom Athanasiou (1998)

Corporate Planet: Ecology and Politics in the Age of Globalization
by Josh Karliner (1997)


Production

Toxics, Environmental Health

Exposed: The Toxic Chemistry of Everyday Products and What’s at Stake for American Power
by Mark Schapiro (2007)

Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry
by Stacy Malkan (2007)

On issues related to pregnancy and newborns:

Having Faith: An Ecologist’s Journey to Motherhood
by Sandra Steingraber (2001)

Generations at Risk: Reproductive Health and the Environment
by Ted Schettler, Gina Solomon, Maria Valenti, Annette Huddle (2000)

Toxic Deception: How the Chemical Industry Manipulates Science, Bends the Law, and Endangers Your Health
y Dan Fagin and Marianne Lavelle (1999)

Living Downstream: A Scientist’s Personal Investigation of Cancer and the Environment
by Sandra Steingraber (1998)

***** Our Stolen Future: Are We Threatening our Fertility, Intelligence, and Survival?
by Dianne Dumanoski, John P. Myers, Theo P. Colborn (1997)

Labor/Occupational Health and Safety

Global Unions: Challenging Transnational Capital Through Cross-border Campaigns
(Frank W. Pierce Memorial Lectureship and Conference Series) Ed. by Kate Bronfenbrenner (2007)

A 21ST Century Approach to Occupational Health and Safety for Trade Unions
International Confederation of Free Trade Unions, Eighteenth World Congress Final Resolution (5 – 10 December 2004)

On occupational health: 

Basic Environmental Health
by Annalee Yassi, Tord Kjellstrom, Theo de Kok, Tee Guidotti (2001)

Electronics

Challenging the Chip: Labor Rights and Environmental Justice in the Global Electronics Industry
Edited by Ted Smith, David Naguib Pellow and David A. Sonnenfeld (2006)

System error: A resource for student activism on environmental, labor and human rights problems associated with the high tech industry
by Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition (2005)

The Silicon Valley of Dreams: Environmental Injustice, Immigrant Workers, and the High-Tech Global Economy
by David Pellow and Lisa Park (2002)

Pollution/Environmental Justice

Resisting Global Toxics: Transnational Movements for Environmental Justice (Urban and Industrial Environments)
by David Naguib Pellow (2007)

Noxious New York: The Racial Politics of Urban Health and Environmental Justice (Urban and Industrial Environments)
by Julie Sze (2006)

Sustainable Communities and the Challenge of Environmental Justice
by Julian Agyman (2005)

Quest For Environmental Justice: Human Rights and the Politics of Pollution
by Robert Bullard (2005)

The Silicon Valley of Dreams: Environmental Injustice, Immigrant Workers, and the High-Tech Global Economy (Critical America)
by David Pellow and Lisa Park (2002)

Dumping In Dixie: Race, Class and Environmental Quality
by Robert D Bullard (2000)

***** Toxic Wastes and Race in the United States: A National Report on the Racial and Socio-Economic Characteristics of Communities with Hazardous Waste Sites
by the Commission for Racial Justice, United Church of Christ (1987)

Race, Poverty & the Environment: a journal for social and environmental justice,
published by Urban Habitat (ongoing).

Energy

Apollo’s Fire : Igniting America’s Clean Energy Economy
by Jay Inslee, Bracken Hendricks (2007)

Big Coal: The Dirty Secret Behind America’s Energy Future
by Jeff Goodell (2006)

The Weather Makers: How Man is Changing the Climate and What It Means for Life on Earth
by Tim Flannery (2006)

Insurmountable Risks: The Dangers of Using Nuclear Power to Combat Global Climate Change,
by Brice Smith (2006)

Solartopia : The Future of Energy
by Harvey F. Wasserman (2006)

Half Gone
by Jeremy Leggett (2006)

The Party’s Over: Oil, War And The Fate Of Industrial Societies
by Richard Heinberg (2005)

Securing the Energy Future of the United States: Oil, Nuclear, and Electricity Vulnerabilities and a post-September 11, 2001 Roadmap for Action,
by Dr. Arjun Makhijani (2001)

Brittle Power: Energy Strategy for National Security
by Amory B. Lovins, Hunter Lovins (1983)


Distribution

Big Box Swindle: The True Cost of Mega-Retailers and the Fight for America’s Independent Businesses
by Stacy Mitchell (2007)

CHEAP? The Real Cost of Living in a Low Price, Low Wage World
by David Bosshart (2006)


Consumption

Consumerism/Commercialization

Consumed : How Markets Corrupt Children, Infantilize Adults, and Swallow Citizens Whole
by Benjamin R. Barber (2007)

Last Child in the Woods: Saving Our Children from Nature-Deficit Disorder
by Richard Louv (2006)

Affluenza
by John Degraaf, David Wann, Thomas Naylor, 2nd edition (2005)

Rethinking Commodification
by Martha Ertman and Joan Williams (2005)

Good Stuff? A Behind-the-Scenes Guide to the Things We Buy
by Worldwatch Institute (2004)

The High Price of Materialism
by Tim Kasser (2003)

**** Confronting Consumption,
Ed.By Thomas Princen, Michael Maniates, Ken Cocoa (2002)

Giving Kids the Business: The Commercialization of America’s Schools
by Alex Molnar (2001)

The Consumer Society Reader
Edited by Juliet Schor and Douglas Holt (2000)

Your Money Or Your Life
by Joe Dominguez and Vicki Robin (2000)

**** The Overspent American: Why We Want What we Don�t Need
by Juliet Schor (1999)

Stuff: The secret lives of everyday things,
by Alan Durning (1997)

How Much is Enough?
By Alan Durning (1992)

Work-watch-spend treadmill

Take Back Your Time: Fighting Overwork and Time Poverty in America
By John De Graaf (2003)

Slowing Down to the Speed of Life
by Richard Carlson and Joseph Bailey (1997)

The Overworked American: The Unexpected Decline of Leisure
by Juliet Schor (1992)

Planned Obsolescence

Made to Break
by Giles Slade (2006)

*** The Waste Makers
by Vance Packard (1960)

The Role of Media/Marketing/Advertising:

Born to Buy: A Groundbreaking Expose of a Marketing Culture That Makes Children Believe They Are What They Own
by Juliet Schor (2005)

The Consumer Trap: Big Business Marketing in American Life
by Michael Dawson (2004)

No Logo
by Naomi Klein (2002)

Four Arguments for the Elimination of Television
by Jerry Mander (1978)


Disposal

Garbage

Garbageland: On the Secret Trail of Trash
by Elizabeth Royte (2005)

Gone Tomorrow: The Hidden Life of Garbage
by Heather Rogers (2005)

Waste and Want : A Social History of Trash
by Susan Strasser (2000)

Incineration and Landfills

**** Incineration: A Dying Technology
by Neil Tangri (2003)

Learning Not to Burn
by Elizabeth Crowe and Mike Schade (2002)

Greenpeace Report on Incineration and Human Health: State of Knowledge of the Impacts of Waste Incinerators on Human Health
by Michelle Allsopp, Pat Costner, and Paul Johnston (2001)

Hazardous Waste Incineration: Playing with Fire
by Pat Costner and Joe Thornton (1990)

Recycling

Urban Recycling and the Search for Sustainable Community Development
by Adam Weinberg, David Pellow and Allan Schnaiberg (2000)


Another Way, Taking Action, Solutions

Civil Society/Governance/Democracy

**** Blessed Unrest: How the Largest Movement in the World Came into Being and Why No One Saw it Coming
by Paul Hawken (2007)

Getting a Grip: Clarity, Creativity, and Courage in a World Gone Mad
by Frances Moore Lappe (2007)

The Great Turning: From Empire to Earth Community
by David Korten (2006)

Democracy’s Edge: Choosing to Save Our Country by Bringing Democracy to Life
by Frances Moore Lappe (2005)

Earth Democracy: Justice, Sustainability, and Peace
by Vandana Shiva (2004)

The People’s Business: Controlling Corporations and Restoring Democracy
by Lee Drutman and Charlie Cray (2004)

Manifesto for Global Democracy: Two Essays on Imperialism and the Struggle for Freedom
by Arjun Makhijani (2004)

Materials Economy

Materials Matter: Toward a Sustainable Materials Policy
by Ken Geiser (2001)

The Next Efficiency Revolution: Creating a Sustainable Materials Economy
by John Young and Aaron Sachs, Worldwatch Institute (1994)

Production

Healthy Business Strategies for Transforming the Toxic Chemical Economy
by Clean Production Action (2006)

Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired by Nature
by Janine M Benyus (2002)

Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things
by William McDonough, Michael Braungart, (2002)

Green Chemistry: Theory and Practice
by Paul Anastas and John Warner (1998),

**** Natural Capitalism
by Paul Hawken, Amory Lovins and L. Hunter Lovins (1999)

Energy

American Energy – The Renewable Path to Energy Security
by Worldwatch Institute (2006)

Small is Profitable
by E. Kyle Datta, Thomas Feiler, Andre Lehmann, Amory Lovins, Karl Rabago, Joel Swisher, Ken Wicker (2002)

Business/Economics

**** Deep Economy: The Wealth of Communities and the Durable Future
by Bill McKibben (2007)

Building the Green Economy: Success Stories from the Grassroots
by Kevin Danaher, Shannon Biggs, and Jason Mark (2007)

Small-Mart Revolution: How Local Businesses are Beating the Global Competition
by Michael H. Shuman,(2006)

*** Alternatives to Economic Globalization: A Better World is Possible,
Ed by John Cavanagh and Jerry Mander (2004)

Ecological Economics: Principles and Applications
by Herman E. Daly and Joshua Farley (2003)

Beyond Growth: The Economics of Sustainable Development
by Herman E. Daly (1997)

The Ecology of Commerce
by Paul Hawken (1994)

Local First Campaign: A How To Kit
by BALLE (undated, www.livingeconomies.org)

Consumption

The Logic of Sufficiency
by Thomas Princen (2005)

General Sustainability

YES!
www.yesmagazine.org
YES! spotlights the visionary ideas and practical actions for building a just, sustainable, and compassionate world.

Recycling/Zero Waste

Transitioning to Zero Waste: What Can Local Governments Do Now?
by Helen Spiegelman (2006)

Extended Producer Responsibility Toolkit: A Waste Management Strategy that Cuts Waste, Creates a Cleaner Environment and Saves Taxpayer Money
by Beverly Thorpe

Resources up in Flames: The Economic Pitfalls of Waste Incineration
versus a Zero Waste Approach in the Global South by Brenda Platt (2004)

Zero Waste
by Robin Murray for Greenpeace Environmental Trust (2002)

A Citizen’s Guide to Zero Waste,
by Bill Sheehan and Paul Connett (2001)

http://www.zerowaste.co.nz/assets/Reports/CitizensGuide.pdf

Wasting and Recycling in the United States 2000
by Brenda Platt and Neil Seldman (2000)

Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How
by Brenda Platt and Kelly Lease (1999)

Creating Wealth from Waste
by Robin Murray (1999)

Don’t Throw Away That Food: Strategies for Record-Setting Waste Reduction
by Brenda Platt and Joanne Goodwin (1998)

Why do we recycle? Markets, Values and Public Policy
by Frank Ackerman (1997)

Waste Prevention, Recycling, and Composting Options: Lessons from 30 U.S. Communities
by Brenda Platt, Naomi Friedman, Carolyn Grodinsky, Pia MacDonald, and Margaret Suozzo (1994)

National Recycling Economic Information Project
by US Environmental Protection Agency, available at:http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/non-hw/recycle/jtr/econ/rei-rw/rei-rw.htm

The Monthly UnEconomist
a newsletter containing information and analyses of recycling’s market and non-market economic and environmental impacts. By Jeffrey Morris, zerowaste.com

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June 15, 2009 Posted by | Agriculture, Business, Community Economic Development (CED), Sustainability, Sustainable Community Development, Videos, Water | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Top 100 Corporations

04.08.09, 06:00 PM EDT

Because you should just know this information…

Rank Company Country Industry Sales ($bil) Profits ($bil) Assets ($bil) Market Value ($bil)
1 General Electric United States Conglomerates 182.52 17.41 797.77 89.87
2 Royal Dutch Shell Netherlands Oil & Gas Operations 458.36 26.28 278.44 135.10
3 Toyota Motor Japan Consumer Durables 263.42 17.21 324.98 102.35
4 ExxonMobil United States Oil & Gas Operations 425.70 45.22 228.05 335.54
5 BP United Kingdom Oil & Gas Operations 361.14 21.16 228.24 119.70
6 HSBC Holdings United Kingdom Banking 142.05 5.73 2,520.45 85.04
7 AT&T United States Telecommunications Services 124.03 12.87 265.25 140.08
8 Wal-Mart Stores United States Retailing 405.61 13.40 163.43 193.15
9 Banco Santander Spain Banking 96.23 13.25 1,318.86 49.75
9 Chevron United States Oil & Gas Operations 255.11 23.93 161.17 121.70
11 Total France Oil & Gas Operations 223.15 14.74 164.66 112.90
12 ICBC China Banking 53.60 11.16 1,188.08 170.83
13 Gazprom Russia Oil & Gas Operations 97.29 26.78 276.81 74.55
14 PetroChina China Oil & Gas Operations 114.32 19.94 145.14 270.56
15 Volkswagen Group Germany Consumer Durables 158.40 6.52 244.05 75.18
16 JPMorgan Chase United States Banking 101.49 3.70 2,175.05 85.87
17 GDF Suez France Utilities 115.59 9.05 232.71 70.46
18 ENI Italy Oil & Gas Operations 158.32 12.91 139.80 80.68
19 Berkshire Hathaway United States Diversified Financials 107.79 4.99 267.40 122.11
20 Vodafone United Kingdom Telecommunications Services 70.39 13.30 252.08 93.66
21 Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Japan Banking 61.43 6.38 1,931.17 53.63
22 Procter & Gamble United States Household & Personal Products 83.68 14.08 138.26 141.18
23 CCB-China Construction Bank China Banking 42.98 9.45 903.35 119.03
24 Verizon Communications United States Telecommunications Services 97.35 6.43 202.35 81.04
25 Petrobras-Petróleo Brasil Brazil Oil & Gas Operations 92.08 14.12 120.68 110.97
26 Nippon Telegraph & Tel Japan Telecommunications Services 107.02 6.36 179.95 59.07
27 EDF Group France Utilities 89.46 4.73 278.76 71.53
28 IBM United States Software & Services 103.63 12.34 109.53 123.47
29 BNP Paribas France Banking 107.96 4.20 2,888.73 29.98
30 Bank of China China Banking 40.10 7.70 817.84 105.04
31 Telefónica Spain Telecommunications Services 80.70 10.57 129.16 85.56
32 Nestlé Switzerland Food, Drink & Tobacco 103.01 16.91 97.12 118.99
33 Sinopec-China Petroleum China Oil & Gas Operations 154.28 7.43 100.41 93.50
34 Crédit Agricole France Banking 107.75 5.90 2,064.17 21.91
35 Siemens Germany Conglomerates 108.76 8.05 128.46 44.18
36 Hewlett-Packard United States Technology Hardware & Equip 118.70 8.05 109.63 69.57
37 Intesa Sanpaolo Italy Banking 50.56 10.58 835.15 31.43
38 Bank of America United States Banking 113.11 4.01 1,817.94 25.29
39 Honda Motor Japan Consumer Durables 120.27 6.01 124.98 44.32
40 BBVA-Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Spain Banking 56.51 6.99 747.99 27.56
41 ArcelorMittal Luxembourg Materials 124.94 9.40 133.09 26.80
42 Johnson & Johnson United States Drugs & Biotechnology 63.75 12.95 84.91 138.29
43 ENEL Italy Utilities 82.92 7.37 177.21 31.00
44 UniCredit Group Italy Banking 83.72 8.70 1,482.98 18.37
45 Generali Group Italy Insurance 118.39 4.26 546.50 21.35
46 France Telecom France Telecommunications Services 74.50 5.67 125.32 58.92
47 Samsung Electronics South Korea Semiconductors 104.42 7.87 99.47 45.82
48 Deutsche Bank Germany Diversified Financials 124.78 9.47 2,946.88 14.40
49 Microsoft United States Software & Services 61.98 17.23 65.79 143.58
50 Pfizer United States Drugs & Biotechnology 48.30 8.10 111.15 83.03
51 Wells Fargo United States Banking 51.65 2.66 1,309.64 51.28
52 BHP Billiton Australia/United Kingdom Materials 59.47 15.39 72.40 96.65
53 StatoilHydro Norway Oil & Gas Operations 93.38 6.20 82.42 53.30
54 Sumitomo Mitsui Financial Japan Banking 46.06 4.62 1,114.89 25.56
55 China Mobile Hong Kong/China Telecommunications Services 47.09 11.49 76.42 175.85
56 Goldman Sachs Group United States Diversified Financials 53.58 2.32 884.55 42.06
57 RWE Group Germany Utilities 66.16 3.56 127.64 33.68
58 Roche Holding Switzerland Drugs & Biotechnology 42.75 8.41 69.77 98.47
59 Commonwealth Bank Australia Banking 34.98 4.58 467.83 28.01
60 Société Générale Group France Banking 99.25 2.80 1,572.73 17.77
61 Novartis Switzerland Drugs & Biotechnology 42.01 8.30 73.22 82.97
62 E.ON Germany Utilities 120.74 1.76 215.15 47.44
63 Deutsche Telekom Germany Telecommunications Services 85.89 2.07 162.51 52.96
64 Rosneft Russia Oil & Gas Operations 46.99 11.12 77.40 34.07
65 Mizuho Financial Japan Banking 42.29 3.12 1,545.23 21.46
65 Sanofi-aventis France Drugs & Biotechnology 38.40 5.36 96.01 67.84
67 National Australia Bank Australia Banking 41.87 3.58 515.83 21.90
68 Royal Bank of Canada Canada Banking 30.01 3.52 575.21 34.29
69 Cisco Systems United States Technology Hardware & Equip 39.58 7.49 61.36 85.05
69 Rio Tinto UK/Australia Materials 54.26 3.68 88.25 39.42
71 Tesco United Kingdom Food Markets 93.85 4.21 59.80 37.50
72 China Life Insurance China Insurance 26.20 5.32 127.83 83.26
73 Mitsubishi Corp Japan Trading Companies 60.43 4.64 117.84 20.89
74 Vale Brazil Materials 30.75 9.28 79.26 66.14
75 Munich Re Germany Insurance 64.20 2.09 291.87 24.29
76 Lukoil Russia Oil & Gas Operations 66.86 9.51 59.14 26.62
77 Barclays United Kingdom Banking 59.82 6.40 2,947.84 11.15
78 Banco Bradesco Brazil Banking 39.97 3.26 194.51 26.75
79 Unilever Netherlands/UK Food, Drink & Tobacco 56.44 7.00 48.75 58.24
80 BASF Germany Chemicals 86.77 4.06 69.41 25.62
81 Nokia Finland Technology Hardware & Equip 70.63 5.55 52.29 35.32
82 Sony Japan Technology Hardware & Equip 88.89 3.70 124.12 17.12
83 CVS Caremark United States Retailing 87.47 3.21 60.96 37.46
83 Daimler Germany Consumer Durables 133.43 1.88 180.08 21.21
85 United Technologies United States Conglomerates 58.68 4.69 56.47 38.53
86 Saudi Basic Industries Saudi Arabia Chemicals 40.62 5.87 72.39 31.44
87 Iberdrola Spain Utilities 35.09 3.98 114.81 32.42
88 Nissan Motor Japan Consumer Durables 108.46 4.83 119.00 14.14
89 Panasonic Japan Technology Hardware & Equip 90.87 2.82 71.85 28.93
90 MetLife United States Insurance 50.99 3.21 501.68 15.10
91 Westpac Banking Group Australia Banking 25.90 3.05 346.22 31.40
92 GlaxoSmithKline United Kingdom Drugs & Biotechnology 35.55 6.72 52.67 79.06
93 Morgan Stanley United States Diversified Financials 62.26 1.71 658.81 21.00
94 Telecom Italia Italy Telecommunications Services 41.97 3.08 117.81 23.82
95 Intel United States Semiconductors 37.59 5.29 50.72 70.86
96 Zurich Financial Services Switzerland Insurance 32.35 3.04 325.04 19.60
97 Mitsui & Co Japan Trading Companies 57.50 4.11 97.15 17.12
98 Comcast United States Media 34.26 2.55 113.02 37.62
99 AXA Group France Insurance 156.95 1.28 936.92 19.47
100 Bayer Group Germany Chemicals 45.85 2.55 71.39 36.97

June 14, 2009 Posted by | Business, Economics, Entrepreneurship, Finance | , , , | Leave a comment