Son of Five Rivers Blog

For the advancement of Entrepreneurship, Sustainability & the Ecology of Everyday Life

Should a Small Business Buy or Lease a Company Car?

This is a good question and one that is asked regularly by many business owners and the answer is not straight forward (when is a finance answer ever straight forward).

People frequently ask, “Is it more advantageous to lease or to buy a vehicle?”. Revenue Canada has considered each option and has established rules to ensure that one has little if any benefit over the other. The decision is therefore based on your situation, needs and cash flow circumstances. Whatever decision you make, make sure you thoroughly comparison shop and sleep on it before you make any final decision, sign documents and take the car away. You want to make a decision based on sound logic–not based on emotion or the dealer’s sales pitch. Compare the cost of each approach over the term you expect to own the vehicle.

There are many different types of leasing arrangements, and dealers offer a wide variety of choices and options on both new and used vehicles. All leases involve making periodic payments for the term of the lease, and there may or may not be an option to purchase the vehicle at the end of the lease.

On some leasing contracts, the vehicle is returned to the dealer at the end of the lease period and you have no further obligation except possibly paying for extra mileage or damage. On other leasing contracts, you will be asked to “guarantee” the dealer a residual value for the vehicle at the end of the lease period. Residual value is the amount the vehicle is expected to be worth at the end of the lease period, and is specified in the contract. Sometimes you may be able to buy the car for the residual value. If it is returned to the dealer and sold for less than the residual value, you must pay the dealer the difference.

Lease contract
This contract sets out the contractual nature of the deal. You cannot count on any representations that the sales rep makes to you that are not contained in the lease contract. So make sure that any statements made to you to induce you to lease the vehicle are written into the contract.

Important questions to ask
Before you sign any contract, make sure you have answers to these important questions and calculate what they will mean to you.

* What would be the total cost to buy the same vehicle and finance its purchase through a lender?

* What is the best retail price of the vehicle, and what price is the company using as the basis for the lease? The difference between the market value of the vehicle at the beginning and end of the lease is one of the main factors in calculating monthly payments.

* What is the interest rate being applied to the lease and how does it compare with current loan rates for purchasing a vehicle?

* Is there an option to buy the vehicle at the end of the lease?

* Can you buy the vehicle during the term of the lease, and if so, and are there penalties or additional charges?

* Are you required to guarantee the residual value of the car to the dealer?

* Can you terminate the lease before the date specified in the contract, and if so, is there a penalty or additional charge?

* How is normal wear and tear on the vehicle defined, and what is excessive wear and tear that makes you liable for an extra expense at the end of the lease?

* How is extra mileage defined and how much might you have to pay at the end of the lease?

* What is the total cost of the lease, and could you have bought a similar car for that amount?

* What are the associated fees you might have to pay for items such as insurance and administration? What are the late payment penalties?

* What is the total financial obligation of the lease, including the cost of all lease payments, plus all taxes, levies, fees, trade-in allowance, security deposit, advance payments and any down payments?

* Is the leasing contract easy to understand and is the information large enough to read without difficulty?

* What are the restrictions on the use of the vehicle–can you use it outside your city or province, or in another country?

* What is your responsibility for maintaining and servicing the vehicle?

* What are the warranties and guarantees, and is there any insurance provided for or required by you?

* What is the retail price of the vehicle, the price on which the lease payments are based, and the interest rate applied to the lease contract?

* What are the details of periodic payments, including the total number of payments, amount of each payment, payment dates, taxes on payments, and the total amount of all payments?

* Do you have “gap” protection? If you do, and you are in an accident and the vehicle is damaged beyond repair, this program will cover the difference after you pay the deductible, between what you owe on the remainder of your lease and the amount of your insurance settlement.



* you own the vehicle and therefore do not have any restrictions on use.

* you are building up potential equity in the vehicle (the value of the vehicle less the debt you have paid off).

* you can use the vehicle as security to borrow money.

* you can sell the vehicle and keep the money, after any loans are paid off

If you are using the car as a business vehicle, there are additional benefits:

# depreciation is deductible. For cars, it is 30 per cent a year on a declining balance. However, only a maximum of $25,000 (plus taxes) is accepted as the capital cost of the vehicle, no matter how much more you pay.
# interest on money that you borrow for the car purchase is deductible. However, there is a maximum of $300 a month, no matter how much more than that you pay.


If you are using the car as a business vehicle:

* you cannot deduct the full cost immediately

* only the first $25,000 plus taxes may be capitalized and depreciated for tax purposes. The car you want or need may cost more than that.

* only a maximum of $300 per month for interest is accepted by Revenue Canada.

* you pay your own repairs and maintenance expenses.

* time and effort is required to sell the vehicle.



* you can change to a new vehicle relatively easily.

* you have more consistent and predictable cash flow requirements.

If you are using the car as a business vehicle:

* since monthly payments are generally less than loan payments when you purchase a car, you have better cash flow.

* lease payments are deductible, subject to limits set out by the Income Tax Act. At present, it is $650 per month.


you don’t own the vehicle.
you are not building up equity in the vehicle.
you are basically renting the vehicle for a stated time period.
there could be restrictions on where you can use the vehicle.
leasing costs are slightly higher than purchase costs.
leasing expenses can be subject to increases.
costs could include financing, administration and other fees.
you are responsible for maintaining the vehicle, according to the maintenance schedule set out by the leasing company. This could cost you more money than if you had the freedom to do what you wanted, where and when you wanted, as in a purchase situation.
there are many restrictions and limitations set out in the lease that potentially affect your use and enjoyment of the vehicle
you could be paying more money for greater mileage use, wear and tear and guarantee of residual value at the end of the lease, or penalties if you want to terminate the lease early.

If you are using the car for business purposes:

* depreciation is not deductible on operating leases.

In summary, if you want a more expensive car, you’re not emotionally attached to the idea of ownership and you change cars every two or three years, you might consider the lease option. However, what makes leasing appear less expensive than buying is that you are not paying any money to build up equity in the vehicle. When you buy a vehicle and pay for a loan, part of the loan payments are reducing the debt, and therefore building up equity.

For further information, you can pick up a free consumer booklet on vehicle leasing, Turning the Lights on Leasing, published by the Canadian Automobile Dealers Association. You can also purchase a Canadian “buy vs. lease” software program that customizes the pros and cons in specific situations. One such program is The Car Calculator, published by Orangesoft. You can obtain further information on it at 1-800-647-8693 or Also, check with your provincial consumer services department for brochures and any legislative lease protections for consumers that might be available.

Based on an original article by the Editors of CarPoint.

June 15, 2009 Posted by | Business, Business Development, Electric Cars, Entrepreneurship | , , | Leave a comment

How to Recover Deleted items on Memory Card/ USB?

Try ZAR, photo recovery is Free.

I’ve tried it and it works, thank goodness!  It did take a couple of hours but that could have been because of the amount of photo’s on the Memory Card.   So remember this ZAR site  or the Son of 5 Rivers blog if if you delete something by accident.  I hope it never happens though…


I was going to try this one, if the ZAR didn’t work.

June 15, 2009 Posted by | Data Recovery | , , , , | Leave a comment

Facebook Fan Page Vs. Facebook Group

Consider Facebook in your Stratigic SEO planning.(Search Engine Optimization: aka Google ranking)

Here’s the 411 of a Fan Page vs a Group.  Whatever you decide I would suggest you try to stick to only one as having both not only may confuse people but it will dilute your organizations presence of Facebook.

The Basics:

Facebook Fan Pages are promote a business, a brand,  a shop, etc.

Facebook Groups are to promote a common interest.

(The Tools are different: Read and choose what’s best for you.  For example I would suggest a Fan Page for a Small Business, and a Group for a Club/ Organization that shares a common interest because its more collaborative)

Facebook Fan Pages are great, their biggest drawback is your limited ability to communicate with your Fans. The messages you send through your FB Page is delivered into your Fans’ Update Box rather than the FB Inbox. On FB Pages you have more Tools like targeted Message sending (you can filter by age, sex, country, etc. to who you want to send the message to) then the options for stats and even promotion of the page using ads. It gives a good reason for someone to come and use their ad platform.

The side is people are more aware of groups than fan pages (they think fan pages are for huge Corporate Brands, Celebrities, and not something local.   Again the bit about notifications for the fan page isn’t as likely to get engagement as a message in an inbox.

Facebook Groups have links to related groups, which I think is a great tool. It has the potential to pull in people with a common interest, which is highly useful when you’re trying to promote, say, a blog or product. FB Groups allow you to have group structure with group officers and admins and stuff, in order to regulate and facilitate discussion.  You can add other additions like photos / videos and stuff are just part of the package to fill it up and make it look big.  Facebook now also alows indexing of discussions with groups that are available globally within Facebook (no restriction or closed groups).  Another positive is if you are an admin / officer, you can select certain peopel from your friend list join a group, ones who may like that topic.

Negative for groups: Once a group gets to a certain size you will be unable to message all members of it.

Another possible option is get a group out there, grow it, then when it gets a to a decent size convert it to a Fan Page.  (You can find the process on the Facebook FAQ)

June 15, 2009 Posted by | Social Media, Website | , , , , | Leave a comment

Removing Freeways & Restoring Cities (Seoul Searching with the Cheonggyecheon River)

The Story Starts Here: Seoul, South Korea.

The Cheonggye Freeway & the Cheonggyecheon River

In the 1970s, it was considered a symbol of progress when the Cheonggyecheon River in Seoul was covered and a 6km long road and elevated freeway were built above it.  In July 2003, then Seoul mayor, current President Lee Myung-bak initiated a project to remove the elevated highway and restore the stream. It was a major undertaking as not only did the highway have to be removed, but years of neglect and development had left the stream nearly totally dry, so 120,000 tons of water have to be pumped in daily.  The stream was opened to the public in September 2005 and lauded as a major success in urban renewal and beautification.

The Cheong Gye Cheon - Before

Before the Cheonggyecheon River Renovation Project

The Cheong Gye Cheon - After

After the Cheonggyecheon River Renovation Project

Watch a film on the Cheonggyecheon Renovation Project:

Huts on the Cheonggyecheon

Refugees from the Korean War built Huts on the Chonggyechon.  In the mid 1950s, the Chonggyechon was considered a symbol of the poverty and filth that were the legacy of a half-century of colonialism and war.

Cheonggye freeway in downtown Seoul

The Chenoggye freeway ran through the center of Seoul.  The huts were removed from the banks of the stream, and their residents were forcibly relocated. In their place, modern stores and an industrial center were built there.  This redevelopment project became a symbol of the modernization and industrialization of post-war Korea.

The restored river in downtown Seoul

The restored Cheonggyecheon river flowing through the downtown Seoul… Beutiful!

Cheonggyecheon at night.

The restored Cheonggyecheon River at night.

Freeway supports in the restored river.

As a reminder for future renerations ome freeway supports were left in the restored river.  A  symbol in history, and a great move!

I think on of the downfalls of this project was that water still has to be pumped into the river and does not flow naturally.  I hope with the further development of Solar Technology, it won’t have that big of a Carbon Footprint and it can truley be a great examble of sustainable urban renewal.

P.S. The Mayor during this project and current President, Lee Myung-bak was also the President and CEO of the company that constructed the bridge initially… Hmmm…. Do people change or is it just politics through and through.   Anyhow, what a great project… Now only if North Americans whom have the largest Freeway system in the world can change their act.  We needs more Ports, Railways and Public Transit Instracture, not more Bridges and Roads…

June 15, 2009 Posted by | Community Economic Development (CED), Sustainability, Sustainable Community Development, Videos, Water | , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

The Story of Stuff

The Story of Stuff


Watch the FILM:

The Story of Stuff is a 20 min fast-paced, fact-filled look at the underside of our production and consumption patterns, with a special focus on the United States. All the stuff in our lives, beginning from the extraction of the resources to make it, through its production, sale, use and disposal, affects communities at home and abroad, yet most of this is hidden from view. The Story of Stuffexposes the connections between a huge number of environmental and social issues and calls for all of us to create a more sustainable and just world. It’ll teach you something. It’ll make you laugh, and it just may change the way you look at all the stuff in your life forever.

The 20 minutes that may change the way you think and buy.

Recommended Reading

General State of the Planet/Multi-Issue

GEO (Global Environment Outlook) Yearbook 2007
by the United Nations Environment Programme (2007, produced annually)

Vital Signs 2007 – 2008 and State of the World
by Worldwatch Institute (2007, produced annually)

Our Ecological Footprint: Reducing Human Impact on the Earth
by Mathis Wackernagel and William Rees (1996)

Worldwatch Institute
has numerous publications and great concise “WorldWatch Papers” on most of the issues covered in The Story of Stuff. Please check their website,

Environmental Research Foundation
produces free weekly e-newsletters on most of the issues covered in The Story of Stuff. Search back issues at: and search ERF’s library at:


In order of topic discussed in the film

Governance, Corporate Accountability

On the Rampage: Corporate Power and the Destruction of Democracy
by Robert Mokhiber, Robert Weissman (2004)

The End of Politics: Corporate Power and the Decline of the Public Sphere
by Carl Boggs (2001)

When Corporations Rule the World
by David Korten (1995)

Culture, Inc.: The Corporate Takeover of Public Expressionby Herbert Schiller (1991)


General Resources

It’s All for Sale: The Control of Global Resources
by James Ridgeway (2004)


Encyclopedia of Rainforests
by Diane Jukofsky,(2001)

Biodiversity: Social and Ecological Perspectives
by Vandana Shiva, Patrick Anderson, Heffa Schucking, Andrew Gray, Larry Lohman, David Cooper (1992)

In the Rainforest: Report from a Strange, Beautiful, Imperiled World
by Catherine Caufield (1991)


Lost Mountain: A Year in the Vanishing Wilderness Radical Strip Mining and the Devastation of Appalachia
by Erik Reece (2007)

Blood Diamonds
by Greg Campbell (2004)

Dirty Metals: Mining, Communities and the Environment
by Earthworks and Oxfam, No Forty Gold Campaign (2004)

To Save the Land and People: A History of Opposition to Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia
by Chad Montrie (2002)


Blue Covenant: The Global Water Crisis and the Coming Battle for the Right to Water
by Maude Barlow (2008)

Blue Gold: The Fight to Stop the Corporate Theft of the World’s Water
by Maude Barlow and Tony Clarke (2003)

Silenced Rivers: The Ecology and Politics of Large Dams
by Patrick McCully (2001)

Water Wars: Privatization, Pollution and Profit
by Vandana Shiva (2001)

Indigenous People

Paradigm Wars: Indigenous Peoples’ Resistance to Globalization
by Jerry Mander, Victoria Tauli-Corpuz (2006)

Struggle for the Land: Native North American Resistance to Genocide, Ecocide, and Colonization
by Ward Churchill (2002)

All Our Relations: Native Struggles for Land and Life
by Winona LaDuke (1999)

Impacts on the Global South/International Impacts

Flat World, Big Gaps: Economic Liberalization, Globalization, Poverty & Inequality
Ed. by Jomo K.S. with Jacques Baudot (2007)

Resource Wars: The New Landscape of Global Conflict
by Michael Klare (2002)

Big Business, Poor Peoples: The Impact of Transnational Corporations on the World’s Poor
by John Madeley (1999)

Divided Planet: The Ecology of Rich and Poor
by Tom Athanasiou (1998)

Corporate Planet: Ecology and Politics in the Age of Globalization
by Josh Karliner (1997)


Toxics, Environmental Health

Exposed: The Toxic Chemistry of Everyday Products and What’s at Stake for American Power
by Mark Schapiro (2007)

Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry
by Stacy Malkan (2007)

On issues related to pregnancy and newborns:

Having Faith: An Ecologist’s Journey to Motherhood
by Sandra Steingraber (2001)

Generations at Risk: Reproductive Health and the Environment
by Ted Schettler, Gina Solomon, Maria Valenti, Annette Huddle (2000)

Toxic Deception: How the Chemical Industry Manipulates Science, Bends the Law, and Endangers Your Health
y Dan Fagin and Marianne Lavelle (1999)

Living Downstream: A Scientist’s Personal Investigation of Cancer and the Environment
by Sandra Steingraber (1998)

***** Our Stolen Future: Are We Threatening our Fertility, Intelligence, and Survival?
by Dianne Dumanoski, John P. Myers, Theo P. Colborn (1997)

Labor/Occupational Health and Safety

Global Unions: Challenging Transnational Capital Through Cross-border Campaigns
(Frank W. Pierce Memorial Lectureship and Conference Series) Ed. by Kate Bronfenbrenner (2007)

A 21ST Century Approach to Occupational Health and Safety for Trade Unions
International Confederation of Free Trade Unions, Eighteenth World Congress Final Resolution (5 – 10 December 2004)

On occupational health: 

Basic Environmental Health
by Annalee Yassi, Tord Kjellstrom, Theo de Kok, Tee Guidotti (2001)


Challenging the Chip: Labor Rights and Environmental Justice in the Global Electronics Industry
Edited by Ted Smith, David Naguib Pellow and David A. Sonnenfeld (2006)

System error: A resource for student activism on environmental, labor and human rights problems associated with the high tech industry
by Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition (2005)

The Silicon Valley of Dreams: Environmental Injustice, Immigrant Workers, and the High-Tech Global Economy
by David Pellow and Lisa Park (2002)

Pollution/Environmental Justice

Resisting Global Toxics: Transnational Movements for Environmental Justice (Urban and Industrial Environments)
by David Naguib Pellow (2007)

Noxious New York: The Racial Politics of Urban Health and Environmental Justice (Urban and Industrial Environments)
by Julie Sze (2006)

Sustainable Communities and the Challenge of Environmental Justice
by Julian Agyman (2005)

Quest For Environmental Justice: Human Rights and the Politics of Pollution
by Robert Bullard (2005)

The Silicon Valley of Dreams: Environmental Injustice, Immigrant Workers, and the High-Tech Global Economy (Critical America)
by David Pellow and Lisa Park (2002)

Dumping In Dixie: Race, Class and Environmental Quality
by Robert D Bullard (2000)

***** Toxic Wastes and Race in the United States: A National Report on the Racial and Socio-Economic Characteristics of Communities with Hazardous Waste Sites
by the Commission for Racial Justice, United Church of Christ (1987)

Race, Poverty & the Environment: a journal for social and environmental justice,
published by Urban Habitat (ongoing).


Apollo’s Fire : Igniting America’s Clean Energy Economy
by Jay Inslee, Bracken Hendricks (2007)

Big Coal: The Dirty Secret Behind America’s Energy Future
by Jeff Goodell (2006)

The Weather Makers: How Man is Changing the Climate and What It Means for Life on Earth
by Tim Flannery (2006)

Insurmountable Risks: The Dangers of Using Nuclear Power to Combat Global Climate Change,
by Brice Smith (2006)

Solartopia : The Future of Energy
by Harvey F. Wasserman (2006)

Half Gone
by Jeremy Leggett (2006)

The Party’s Over: Oil, War And The Fate Of Industrial Societies
by Richard Heinberg (2005)

Securing the Energy Future of the United States: Oil, Nuclear, and Electricity Vulnerabilities and a post-September 11, 2001 Roadmap for Action,
by Dr. Arjun Makhijani (2001)

Brittle Power: Energy Strategy for National Security
by Amory B. Lovins, Hunter Lovins (1983)


Big Box Swindle: The True Cost of Mega-Retailers and the Fight for America’s Independent Businesses
by Stacy Mitchell (2007)

CHEAP? The Real Cost of Living in a Low Price, Low Wage World
by David Bosshart (2006)



Consumed : How Markets Corrupt Children, Infantilize Adults, and Swallow Citizens Whole
by Benjamin R. Barber (2007)

Last Child in the Woods: Saving Our Children from Nature-Deficit Disorder
by Richard Louv (2006)

by John Degraaf, David Wann, Thomas Naylor, 2nd edition (2005)

Rethinking Commodification
by Martha Ertman and Joan Williams (2005)

Good Stuff? A Behind-the-Scenes Guide to the Things We Buy
by Worldwatch Institute (2004)

The High Price of Materialism
by Tim Kasser (2003)

**** Confronting Consumption,
Ed.By Thomas Princen, Michael Maniates, Ken Cocoa (2002)

Giving Kids the Business: The Commercialization of America’s Schools
by Alex Molnar (2001)

The Consumer Society Reader
Edited by Juliet Schor and Douglas Holt (2000)

Your Money Or Your Life
by Joe Dominguez and Vicki Robin (2000)

**** The Overspent American: Why We Want What we Don�t Need
by Juliet Schor (1999)

Stuff: The secret lives of everyday things,
by Alan Durning (1997)

How Much is Enough?
By Alan Durning (1992)

Work-watch-spend treadmill

Take Back Your Time: Fighting Overwork and Time Poverty in America
By John De Graaf (2003)

Slowing Down to the Speed of Life
by Richard Carlson and Joseph Bailey (1997)

The Overworked American: The Unexpected Decline of Leisure
by Juliet Schor (1992)

Planned Obsolescence

Made to Break
by Giles Slade (2006)

*** The Waste Makers
by Vance Packard (1960)

The Role of Media/Marketing/Advertising:

Born to Buy: A Groundbreaking Expose of a Marketing Culture That Makes Children Believe They Are What They Own
by Juliet Schor (2005)

The Consumer Trap: Big Business Marketing in American Life
by Michael Dawson (2004)

No Logo
by Naomi Klein (2002)

Four Arguments for the Elimination of Television
by Jerry Mander (1978)



Garbageland: On the Secret Trail of Trash
by Elizabeth Royte (2005)

Gone Tomorrow: The Hidden Life of Garbage
by Heather Rogers (2005)

Waste and Want : A Social History of Trash
by Susan Strasser (2000)

Incineration and Landfills

**** Incineration: A Dying Technology
by Neil Tangri (2003)

Learning Not to Burn
by Elizabeth Crowe and Mike Schade (2002)

Greenpeace Report on Incineration and Human Health: State of Knowledge of the Impacts of Waste Incinerators on Human Health
by Michelle Allsopp, Pat Costner, and Paul Johnston (2001)

Hazardous Waste Incineration: Playing with Fire
by Pat Costner and Joe Thornton (1990)


Urban Recycling and the Search for Sustainable Community Development
by Adam Weinberg, David Pellow and Allan Schnaiberg (2000)

Another Way, Taking Action, Solutions

Civil Society/Governance/Democracy

**** Blessed Unrest: How the Largest Movement in the World Came into Being and Why No One Saw it Coming
by Paul Hawken (2007)

Getting a Grip: Clarity, Creativity, and Courage in a World Gone Mad
by Frances Moore Lappe (2007)

The Great Turning: From Empire to Earth Community
by David Korten (2006)

Democracy’s Edge: Choosing to Save Our Country by Bringing Democracy to Life
by Frances Moore Lappe (2005)

Earth Democracy: Justice, Sustainability, and Peace
by Vandana Shiva (2004)

The People’s Business: Controlling Corporations and Restoring Democracy
by Lee Drutman and Charlie Cray (2004)

Manifesto for Global Democracy: Two Essays on Imperialism and the Struggle for Freedom
by Arjun Makhijani (2004)

Materials Economy

Materials Matter: Toward a Sustainable Materials Policy
by Ken Geiser (2001)

The Next Efficiency Revolution: Creating a Sustainable Materials Economy
by John Young and Aaron Sachs, Worldwatch Institute (1994)


Healthy Business Strategies for Transforming the Toxic Chemical Economy
by Clean Production Action (2006)

Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired by Nature
by Janine M Benyus (2002)

Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things
by William McDonough, Michael Braungart, (2002)

Green Chemistry: Theory and Practice
by Paul Anastas and John Warner (1998),

**** Natural Capitalism
by Paul Hawken, Amory Lovins and L. Hunter Lovins (1999)


American Energy – The Renewable Path to Energy Security
by Worldwatch Institute (2006)

Small is Profitable
by E. Kyle Datta, Thomas Feiler, Andre Lehmann, Amory Lovins, Karl Rabago, Joel Swisher, Ken Wicker (2002)


**** Deep Economy: The Wealth of Communities and the Durable Future
by Bill McKibben (2007)

Building the Green Economy: Success Stories from the Grassroots
by Kevin Danaher, Shannon Biggs, and Jason Mark (2007)

Small-Mart Revolution: How Local Businesses are Beating the Global Competition
by Michael H. Shuman,(2006)

*** Alternatives to Economic Globalization: A Better World is Possible,
Ed by John Cavanagh and Jerry Mander (2004)

Ecological Economics: Principles and Applications
by Herman E. Daly and Joshua Farley (2003)

Beyond Growth: The Economics of Sustainable Development
by Herman E. Daly (1997)

The Ecology of Commerce
by Paul Hawken (1994)

Local First Campaign: A How To Kit
by BALLE (undated,


The Logic of Sufficiency
by Thomas Princen (2005)

General Sustainability

YES! spotlights the visionary ideas and practical actions for building a just, sustainable, and compassionate world.

Recycling/Zero Waste

Transitioning to Zero Waste: What Can Local Governments Do Now?
by Helen Spiegelman (2006)

Extended Producer Responsibility Toolkit: A Waste Management Strategy that Cuts Waste, Creates a Cleaner Environment and Saves Taxpayer Money
by Beverly Thorpe

Resources up in Flames: The Economic Pitfalls of Waste Incineration
versus a Zero Waste Approach in the Global South by Brenda Platt (2004)

Zero Waste
by Robin Murray for Greenpeace Environmental Trust (2002)

A Citizen’s Guide to Zero Waste,
by Bill Sheehan and Paul Connett (2001)

Click to access CitizensGuide.pdf

Wasting and Recycling in the United States 2000
by Brenda Platt and Neil Seldman (2000)

Cutting the Waste Stream in Half: Community Record-Setters Show How
by Brenda Platt and Kelly Lease (1999)

Creating Wealth from Waste
by Robin Murray (1999)

Don’t Throw Away That Food: Strategies for Record-Setting Waste Reduction
by Brenda Platt and Joanne Goodwin (1998)

Why do we recycle? Markets, Values and Public Policy
by Frank Ackerman (1997)

Waste Prevention, Recycling, and Composting Options: Lessons from 30 U.S. Communities
by Brenda Platt, Naomi Friedman, Carolyn Grodinsky, Pia MacDonald, and Margaret Suozzo (1994)

National Recycling Economic Information Project
by US Environmental Protection Agency, available at:

The Monthly UnEconomist
a newsletter containing information and analyses of recycling’s market and non-market economic and environmental impacts. By Jeffrey Morris,

June 15, 2009 Posted by | Agriculture, Business, Community Economic Development (CED), Sustainability, Sustainable Community Development, Videos, Water | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

The Pros and Con’s of WordPress.COM and other CMS who kill creativity…

wordpress_bigger.jpg (500×500)

 On One Side: It’s Easy and it’s Free…

You don’t have to register and pay for a Domain Name  and you don’t pay for Web Hosting (it’s free). You simple go to and sign up.  

It’s a huge time savings and you can transfer your blog over to www.WordPress.orgat any time.  This way people and organizations can use their blog as a training ground.

Your part of an online community: (It’s an all access pass to the global conversation). 

It’s Easy! It’s like using Microsoft Word.  It’s a simple CMS (Content Management System).

On the Other Side: It takes away Uniqueness and Creativity

Don’t get me wrong , I love WordPress.  I’m just stating that we can’t rely on any CMS to help us create a true genius or piece art.   Next time your on a blog that’s not powered by the Blogger, WordPress etc. take a second to appreciate the Artists and/or Entrepreneurs who created it. 

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 Here are some sites if your wanting to start exploring:

June 15, 2009 Posted by | Blogging | , , , , , | Comments Off on The Pros and Con’s of WordPress.COM and other CMS who kill creativity…

For you MSN Messenger Users (Brilliant)


MSN2Go is a free web-based MSN messenger service that allows you to chat with your friends from work, school, libraries, and anywhere the official MSN Messenger is not available. There’s no software to install and it works on any Java-enabled browser, even behind firewalls and proxy servers.

Its’ been used running since 2003 and is used in over 130 countries.  The MSN2Go project is in no way associated or affiliated with Microsoft Corporation.

Try it, if you can’t access MSN at school or work.

June 15, 2009 Posted by | Email, Social Media | , , , | Leave a comment